Please ensure Javascript is enabled for purposes of website accessibility
Translator/Accessibility Options   >

Jefferson County Department Of Health Notice Of A Public Hearing. Click here.

General Sanitation and Pest Control


A vector is any animal or insect that carries and transmits a disease into another living creature. Vectors are typically flies, mosquitoes, cockroaches, fleas, and ticks that may transmit a number of diseases to humans. Rodents, such as rats and mice, may also transmit diseases. The basic method of controlling vectors is to limit, as much as possible, their ability to live and breed.


Mosquitoes need quiet, standing water to breed. To control their breeding, sources of standing water, such as bottles, jars, unused buckets, and tires, should be eliminated. Items like wheelbarrows, tubs, wading pools, boats, etc. should be properly stored or covered.

Rats and mice

Rats and mice need food, water and shelter to live. To control them, store garbage in tight, rodent-proof containers. Keep food items, such as rice, flour, or cereal, in metal or glass containers. Do not leave pet foods open in yards or garages. Keep alleys, empty lots or other outdoor areas clean and free of rubbish to eliminate rodent shelter.


To minimize fly breeding, keep garbage in tightly covered containers and properly dispose of it weekly, Also, remove excessive animal waste from yards.

heavy infestations

For heavy infestations of insects or rodents, it may be necessary to hire a licensed pest control company. However, application of pesticides or poisons is only a temporary solution to a vector problem without the basic community sanitation practices listed above.


Environmental Health Specialists from the Community Environmental Protection Division are available to investigate complaints regarding solid wastes (garbage, sewage, plumbing deficiencies, animal feces). They also investigate vector complaints and work with the property owners to eliminate breeding places and sources.
For information about ticks, fleas, roaches, raccoons, and other vector:
Alabama Vector Management Society

To register a complaint concerning one of these issues:
(205) 930-1230

Central Health Center
(Guy M. Tate)

1400 Sixth Avenue South
Birmingham, AL 35233
(205) 588-5234

(205) 933-9110
Eastern Health Center
601 West Blvd Roebuck
Birmingham, AL 35206
Programs and Clinics
(205) 588-5234
Western Health Center
631 Bessemer Super Hwy
Midfield, AL 35228
Programs and Clinics
(205) 588-5234
Hours of Operation:
All Centers are open 7:45am to 4:30pm. Phone lines for clinic appointments open at 7:00am Monday through Friday.

If this is a Medical Emergency call 911.
If you are a patient and need to reach your health care team after business hours for non-life threatening conditions, call (205) 588-5234. For Medical Emergencies dial 911.

Nondiscrimination Compliance Office
(205) 930-1585
Notice of Nondiscrimination [ English ]  [ Español ]
Nondiscrimination Policy

Copyright © 2024 Jefferson County Department of Health